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What Causes Dark Spots On Your Skin & Face?

What Causes Dark Spots On Your Skin & Face?

Dark spots, whether they're caused by sun exposure, ageing, or other factors, can be a common skincare concern. In this blog post, we'll delve into what causes them, effective ways to treat them, and preventive measures to maintain clear skin.

What are dark spots?

Dark spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, occur when certain areas of the skin produce more melanin than usual. Melanin is the pigment responsible for skin colour, and an overproduction can result in the formation of dark patches.

These spots can manifest as freckles, age spots, or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from conditions like acne.

What causes dark spots?

Understanding the root causes of dark spots is crucial for effective treatment. Some common causes include:

  • Sun exposure and UV damage: Prolonged exposure to the sun's harmful UV rays can increase melanin production, leading to dark spots.
  • Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormones, especially during pregnancy or certain medications, can trigger pigmentation changes.
  • Skin damage: As we get older, our skin becomes less effective at repairing itself, making it more likely to develop dark spots from accumulated damage.
  • Acne scars and blemishes: The aftermath of acne can result in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, leaving lasting marks on the skin.

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How to treat & prevent dark spots

  • Sun protection: Use sunscreen with a high SPF to shield your skin from harmful UV rays.
  • Gentle skincare routine: Look for products with natural and nourishing brightening ingredients, like vitamin C and honey, and choose cleansers, serums, and moisturisers that target dark spots.
  • Healthy lifestyle choices: Maintain a balanced diet, stay hydrated, get enough sleep, and manage stress to promote overall skin health.

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